LBNL Report Number
Separate studies indicate that standby power is responsible for 20–60 W per home in developed countries. Standby power is responsible for about 2% of OECD Countries total electricity consumption and the related power generation generates almost 1% of their carbon emissions. Replacement of existing appliances with those appliances having the lowest standby would reduce total standby power consumption by over 70%. The resulting reductions in carbon emissions would meet over 3% of OECD's total Kyoto commitments. Other strategies may cut more carbon emissions, but standby power is unique in that the reductions are best accomplished through international collaboration and whose modest costs and large benefits would be spread over all countries.