LBNL Report Number
A wide variety of enclosed structures either require or cannot entirely prevent leakage from their interior
space to the outside. Existing methods for measuring such leakage have important disadvantages. We
have developed a device and technique that permits leakage areas to be measured from within or without
the enclosure without causing unacceptable disturbance. The apparatus uses low-frequency (1 Hz) acoustic
monopoles to generate an internal pressure signal which is then analyzed syncronously to provide a
measurement of leakage area. We have successfully· applied this technique to measuring air tightness in
residential houses, and believe it can be easily adapted for use in field, laboratory, or classroom applications.
We are currently evaluating why the values we obtained were, on average, 14% lower than those
obtained through conventional methods and we are investigating the apparent inability of the device, as
presently designed, to measure large leaks.