A methodology for generating reduced-order models for large-scale buildings using the Krylov subspace method

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published

03/2020

Abstract

Developing a computationally efficient but accurate building energy simulation (BES) model is important
for many purposes. Model order reduction (MOR) methods are attractive and much more reliable than identification approaches, since it directly extract a lower-dimensional model from a detailed physics-based
model without any pre-simulations. However, because of computational and data storage requirements,
there are challenges of applying these methods to a large-scale building. To overcome the problem, this
paper introduces the Krylov subspace method to the building science field. Technical issues of applying
the method to building applications are addressed and a suitable algorithm that overcomes those challenges is presented. To demonstrate the reliability of the algorithm, comparisons between the resulted
reduced-order model (ROM) and a high-fidelity model from a commercial BES software for a 60-zone case
study building are provided. The ROM was a factor of 100 faster than the high fidelity model but with high
accuracy

Journal

Journal of Building Performance Simulation

Volume

13

Year of Publication

2020

Issue

4

Pagination

419 - 429

ISSN

1940-1493

Short Title

Journal of Building Performance Simulation