A Modelica-based model library for building energy and control systems

TitleA Modelica-based model library for building energy and control systems
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsWetter, Michael
Conference NameProceedings of the 11th IBPSA Conference
Date Published07/2009
Conference LocationGlasgow, Scotland

This paper describes an open-source library with component models for building energy and control systems that is based on Modelica, an equation-based object oriented language that is well positioned to become the standard for modeling of dynamic systems in various industrial sectors. The library is currently developed to support computational science and engineering for innovative building energy and control systems. Early applications will include controls design and analysis, rapid prototyping to support innovation of new building systems and the use of models during operation for controls, fault detection and diagnostics. This paper discusses the motivation for selecting an equation-based object-oriented language. It presents the architecture of the library and explains how base model scan be used to rapidly implement new models. To demonstrate the capability of analyzing novel energy and control systems, the paper closes with an example where we compare the dynamic performance of a conventional hydronic heating system with thermostatic radiator valves to an innovative heating system. In the new system, instead of a centralized circulation pump, each of the 18 radiators has a pump whose speed is controlled using a room temperature feedback loop, and the temperature of the boiler is controlled based on the speed of the radiator pump. All flows are computed by solving for the pressure distribution in the piping network, and the controls include continuous and discrete time controls.

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