A Nodal Model for Displacement Ventilation and Chilled Ceiling Systems in Office Spaces
|Title||A Nodal Model for Displacement Ventilation and Chilled Ceiling Systems in Office Spaces|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Rees, Simon J., and Philip Haves|
|Journal||Building and Environment|
|Keywords||Chilled ceilings, commercial buildings, Displacement ventilation, energy, Heat Transfer, Nodal model, simulation|
A nodal model has been developed to represent room heat transfer in displacement ventilation and chilled ceiling systems. The model uses precalculated air flow rates to predict the air temperature distribution and the division of the cooling load between the ventilation air and the chilled ceiling. The air movements in the plumes and the rest of the room are represented separately using a network of ten air nodes. The values of the capacity rate parameters are calculated by solving the heat and mass balance equations for each node using measured temperatures as inputs. Correlations between parameter values for a range of cooling loads and supply air flow rates are presented.