Optical Indices of Electrochromic Tungsten Oxide

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published

08/1997

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-39687

Abstract

Tungsten trioxide (WO3) is the most widely used material for the active layer of electrochromic devices. Knowledge of the complex refractive index over the range of coloration states is required for device design. Optical constants of WO3 over the whole solar spectrum were determined as a function of injected charge. Films of WO3 were prepared by electron-beam evaporation, then colored in several steps by reduction with lithium (Li) up to 68 mC cm-2 µm-1 injected charge. Measurements included variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectroscopic transmittance and reflectance at normal incidence. Analysis was complicated by the fact that a transparent-conducting layer of indium tin oxide (ITO) was required to perform lithiation. Optical indices of the glass substrate and ITO transparent conductor were determined separately and then fixed in the model. The indices of WO3 could then be extracted from measurements on the complete structure. A parametric dispersion model corresponding to Gaussian broadening of the oscillators was used to represent the dielectric response of WO3.

Journal

Thin Solid Films

Volume

306

Year of Publication

1996

Issue

1
10

Pagination

10-16