Window Optics

Publication Type

Journal Article

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-39911

Abstract

Optical and radiative properties of glazing materials are primary inputs for determination of energy performance in buildings. This paper revisits the problem and reformulates the calculations to encompass a variety of solutions to practical problems in window optics. Properties of composite systems such as flexible films applied to rigid glazing and laminated glazing can be predicted from measurements on isolated components in air or other gases. Properties of a series of structures can be generated from those of a base structure. For example, the measured properties of a coated or uncoated substrate can be extended to a range of available substrate thicknesses without the need to measure each thickness. Similarly, a coating type could be transferred by calculation to any other substrate. A simple monolithic model for extrapolating from normal properties to oblique properties is shown to have sufficient accuracy for the purpose of annual energy performance calculations. A process is initiated to develop a reliable method for determination of effective indices suitable for more detailed spectral and directional optical calculations.

Journal

Solar Energy

Volume

62

Year of Publication

1997

Pagination

149-161

Call Number

LBNL-39911